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What kind of oral Chinese is “authentic” ?

alicezhang 2016-01-07 5489

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1.你的口音是标准的。

Your accent must be authentic.

不会一开口就有一股腔调,比如一股东北腔、一股山东腔。要不然别人一听就知道,他们的老师肯定是东北的、肯定是山东的。


You should avoid such dialects like northeast China dialect and Shandong dialect. Otherwise people will figure out that you are from northeast China or Shandong province.


跟最标准的老师练习口语,让自己置身在标准的普通话环境中。别急于求成,先发好每一个音再说。


Practice your oral Chinese with an authentic Chinese teacher, which makes yourself an environment of mandarin. Please be patient for success. Pronounce every word correctly. 


2.说汉语,而不是翻译汉语。

Speak Chinese instead of translating.

很多人在说汉语的时候,都会习惯性地去翻译他们想说的话,但是汉语和其他语言的语序非常不一样。这个时候,中国人听到的句子都是一些凌乱的词汇,根本没有语序可言。你觉得也可以沟通?其实中国人这个时候需要非常费力地去猜。


Many people automatically translate what they want to speak when they open their mouth. But the truth is that Chinese is different in word order from other languages. So what Chinese people always speak and hear are some cluttered words without any word order. You still think it is ok? Actually in such situation, Chinese people need great efforts to guess what others want to express.


多听,多积累,积累词汇和句子。中国有句话就是“书读百遍,其义自见”。赶快积累起来吧!


Listen more, accumulate more! More word, phrases and sentences are essential! There is an old saying goes “The meaning of a book will become clear if you read it hundreds of times.” So start to accumulate!


3.说出的句子符合中国人的习惯

The sentences you speak should conform to the way Chinese people speak.

比如,你吃午饭了吗?吃了吗?午饭,你吃了吗?等,这些句子表达的意思都是一样的,那么中国人最常使用的是哪个呢? 


For example, “你吃午饭了吗?吃了吗?午饭,你吃了吗?” are same in the meaning. So which one is most common ?


由于我们在课堂上学习的内容都是比较正统的,老师一般会让我们学习完整的句子,以此来锻炼我们的语法能力,但是其实这些句子在现实生活中并不是这样使用的,这就是为什么大家都在学习,在课堂上表现也很好,但是下课后却不能和别人正常地沟通,每次都说我只能跟我的汉语老师沟通,别人说话我都听不懂。


Students always learn official and written Chinese in classes and teachers usually teach students complete sentences so as to improve the grammar. However we don’t use these sentences in real life. That is why students can perform well in classes but cannot speak smoothly after class. Every time you may say I can only speak with my Chinese teacher but cannot understand what others are saying.


在下课以后,多跟中国人打交道,他们可以是老师,也可以不是老师,但是一定是在最自然的环境下的交流。


After class, you need to communicate with Chinese people. They can be your teachers, as well as your friends but there will be indeed a natural way for you to communicate.


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