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……的时候 ……de shíhòu & 以后yǐhòu

alicezhang 2016-04-01 5018

以后.png

Wǒ xuéxí de shíhòu ,tā zài kàn diànyǐng 。

我学习的时候,他在看电影。

When I was studying, he was watching a movie.


Tā kàn wán diànyǐng yǐhòu ,cái qù xuéxí 。

他看完电影以后,才去学习。

After the movie, he began to study.


用“……的时候”,“看电影”和“学习”这两个动作是同时发生的。

“......的时候” is used since “看电影” and “学习” happened at the same time.

用“以后”,表示第一个动作“看电影”先发生,第二个动作“学习”后发生。

“以后” is used to show that “看电影” happened first and then time for “学习”.


例如:

For examples 

1.

Wǒ měi tiān xiān chī wǎnfàn ,ránhòu qù gōngyuán sànbù 。

我每天先吃晚饭,然后去公园散步。

I eat my dinner first, then I take a walk in the park.


可以说:

It can also be written as :


Wǒ měi tiān chī wán wǎnfàn yǐhòu ,qù gōngyuán sànbù 。

我每天吃完晚饭以后,去公园散步。

After my dinner, I take a walk in the park.


2.散步,听音乐两个动作经常一起发生。

The two movements, “take a walk” and “listen to music” always happen together.


可以说:

We can say:


Wǒ sànbù de shíhòu xǐhuān tīng yīnluè 。

我散步的时候喜欢听音乐。

I like to listen to music when taking a walk.


A:

Zhēn bú hǎo yìsi ,wǒ xiànzài yǒu diǎnr máng ,liǎng diǎn yǐhòu wǒ gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà 。

真不好意思,我现在有点儿忙,两点以后我给你打电话。

Sorry. I am a little bit busy now and I will call you after 2.


B:

Liǎng diǎn de shíhòu wǒ gūjì zài kāihuì ,bú tài fāngbiàn ,háishì sān diǎn ba 。

两点的时候我估计在开会,不太方便,还是三点吧。

Maybe I will be at a meeting at 2 and it will be not convenient. So how about 3?


“以后”,表示只有一个动作“打电话”发生在两点以后。

“以后” shows that only one movement “打电话” will happen after 2.

“……的时候”,表示只有一个动作“开会”发生在两点。

“......的时候” shows that only one movement “开会” will happen at 2.


例如:

For examples

A:

Zuótiān xiàwǔ liǎng diǎn de shíhòu nǐ zài gàn ma ?Wǒ qù nǐ bàngōngshì méi zhǎo dào nǐ 。

昨天下午两点的时候你在干嘛?我去你办公室没找到你。

What were you doing at 2 yesterday afternoon? I didn’t find you when I went to your office.


B:

Zuótiān yǒu diǎnr máng ,liǎng diǎn de shíhòu cái chī wǔfàn 。Chī wán fàn yǐhòu cái huí bàngōngshì 。

昨天有点儿忙,两点的时候才吃午饭。吃完饭以后才回办公室。

I was a little bit busy yesterday and I ate my lunch until 2. After lunch, I returned to my office.


注意:

Note: 

Yǐhòu wǒ hái yào lái zhèlǐ chī fàn ,zhèlǐ de cài tài hǎochī le 。

以后我还要来这里吃饭,这里的菜太好吃了。

I will come to eat here again because dish here tastes very well.


“以后”可以单独使用,现在这个时间点以后。

“以后” can also be used separately, means the time in the future.


练习:

Practices 


1.

Xiàkè ________,nǐ dǎsuàn zuò shíme ?

下课________,你打算做什么?


2.

Kàn diànyǐng _________,wǒ bù xǐhuān chī dōngxi 。

看电影_________,我不喜欢吃东西。


3.

________nǐ hái huì lái Zhōngguó ma ?

________你还会来中国吗?


4.

Nǐ zuò fàn ________,jìde shǎo fàng diǎnr yán ,duì shēntǐ hǎo 。

你做饭________,记得少放点儿盐,对身体好。


答案:

Answers:

1.以后yǐhòu 

2.的时候de shíhòu

3.以后yǐhòu 

4.的时候de shíhòu


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