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次cì、下xià、趟tàng 、遍biàn

alicezhang 2016-04-15 11497

两次.png


1.

Wǒ yǐjīng qù guò yí cì Běijīng le 。

我已经去过一次北京了。

I have been to Beijing once.


2.

Wǒ gāngcái qiāo le jǐ xià mén ,dànshì méiyǒu rén lái kāi 。

我刚才敲了几下门,但是没有人来开。

I knocked the door once or twice just now but no one opened it for me.


3.

Wǒ děi qù yí tàng xuéxiào 。

我得去一趟学校。

I have to go to school.


4.

Nǐ kěyǐ zài shuō yí biàn ma ?

你可以再说一遍吗?

Can you repeat it again?


注释:

Note 

1.“我去北京”这件事发生的数量是“一”,所以用“次”。

“我去北京” happened once, so we can use “次”.

例如:

For examples

“吃北京烤鸭”这件事情以前发生的数量是“一”,未来还想再发生的次数是“一”、

“吃北京烤鸭” happened once in past, and it could happen again in the future.

这里可以说:

We can say,

我吃过一次北京烤鸭,我还想再吃一次。

I have eaten Beijing Roast Duck once and I want to have a try again in the future.


2.“敲”这个动作发生的可持续时间非常短,同样的动作还有“打”“拍”等,这些动作发生的时候可以使用的量词是“下”。

“敲” may happened in a very short time. Such movements include “打” and “拍”. When such movements happen, we can use “下”.

例如:

For example,

他突然从背后拍了妹妹一下。妹妹特别生气,打了哥哥好几下。

He suddenly patted his younger sister on the back. His younger sister was very angry and she stroke him a lot.

注意:

Note 

“一下”还可以作为一个短语,表示时间短、尝试等。

“一下” can also be a phrase to show the time is short and to show some trial.

例如:

For example

你可以帮我一下吗?

Could you please do me a favor?


3.“去一趟学校”,强调“去的过程”,一般用于一来一去的动作。

“去一趟学校” emphasizes “去的过程”,  and it is always used to describe the movements of going and coming.

例如:

For examples

下班以后,我要去一趟超市。

After work, I want to go to the supermarket.

你这么辛苦来一趟,怎么能这么快就回去呢。

It is not easy for you to come. Why do you go back so early?


4.“说一遍”,强调把内容从头到位地完成一次,“说”的对象是“句子”,是有一定长度的。

“说一遍” emphasizes that the whole process has been completed. The object for “说” is the “句子” with some length.

例如:

For examples

这首歌太好听了,我已经听了很多遍了。

This song is so nice and I have listened to it for many times.

再陪我去看一篇这部电影吧!

Please accompany me to watch the movie again.


练习:

Practices 

1.

01.png

Zhè běn shū xiě de tài hǎo le ,wǒ yǐjīng kàn le sān _____le 。

这本书写得太好了,我已经看了三_____了。


2.

03.png

Zhēn bù hǎoyìsi ,qǐng děng wǒ yí ______。

真不好意思,请等我一______。


3.

04.png

Yīshēng shuō ,zhèxiē yào měi tiān chī sān ______,měi _______yí piàn 。

医生说,这些药每天吃三______,每_______一片。


4.

02.png

Zhōumò wǒ děi qù yí ______Shànghǎi 。

周末我得去一______上海。


5.

05.png

A:

Zěnme zhème chǎo ?Nǐmen gāngcái shì bú shì zài qiāo zhuōzi ?

怎么这么吵?你们刚才是不是在敲桌子?

B:

Lǎoshī ,wǒ zhǐ qiāo le liǎng ________。

老师,我只敲了两________。


答案:

Answers 

1.遍biàn 

2.下xià

3.次cì,次cì

4.趟tàng

5.下xià


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