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想xiǎngVS要yào

alicezhang 2016-04-21 3911

想要.png


1.

Wǒ xiǎng qù chāoshì 。

我想去超市。

I want to go to the supermarket.


2.

Wǒ yào qù chāoshì 。

我要去超市。

I'm going to the supermarket.


3.

Wǒ yào mǎi yìxiē shuǐguǒ 。

我要买一些水果。

I'm going to buy some fruits.


注释:

Notes 

“想去超市”,表示“去超市”对我来说只是一个想法,我有去超市的打算,但是到底去不去还不一定。

“想去超市” shows that “去超市” is only an idea. I have the plan to go to the supermarket but I am not sure whether I will go to the supermarket.

“要去超市”,表示“去超市”这件事情对我来说基本上已经确定了,会去的。

“要去超市” shows that I have decided to “去超市”. I will go. 


所以“想”的语气比较弱一些,后面跟着的事情不一定会发生。“要”的语气比较强烈,后面跟着的事情会发生。

So “想” is weaker in tone than “要” and the matter following “想” doesn’t happen 100%. But the matter following “要” is going to happen.


例如:

For examples:

环游世界,这件事情一直是我的一个想法,但是我还不会说英语。所以对我来说应该先学习英语。

Traveling round the world is my dream but I cannot speak English. So first I should learn English.

那么可以说:

So we can say:

Wǒ xiǎng qù huányóu shìjiè 。

我想去环游世界。

I want to travel round the world.


Wǒ yào xuéxí Yīngyǔ 。

我要学习英语。

I am going to study English.


5.

A:

Nǐ xiǎng qù chāoshì ma ?

你想去超市吗?

Do you want to go to the supermarket?


B:

Wǒ bù xiǎng qù chāoshì 

我不想去超市。

No. I don’t want to.


6.

A:

Nǐ yào qù chāoshì ma ?

你要去超市吗?

Are you going to the supermarket?


B:

Wǒ bú qù chāoshì 。

我不去超市。

No. I am not going to.


注释:

Notes 

当我没有“去超市”的想法的时候,我们要说“我不想去超市。”

Before I get the idea of “去超市”, we can say “我不想去超市”.

当我不会“去超市”的时候,我们要说“我不去超市。”

If I won’t “去超市”, we can say “我不去超市”.


注意:

Notes 

我不要去超市。(不对)

不要担心。“不要”在这里的意思是劝阻别人“担心”。

Don’t worry. “不要” is used to dissuade others from “担心”.


例如:

For examples:

Míngtiān jiǔ diǎn jiàn ,bú yào chídào 。

明天九点见,不要迟到。

See you at 9 tomorrow. Don’t be late.


Shàngkè de shíhòu ,qǐng dàjiā bú yào wán shǒujī 。

上课的时候,请大家不要玩手机。

Don’t play with your phone in class.


练习:

Practices 

1.

机票.png

Míngtiān wǒ _______qù Shànghǎi 。Piào yǐjīng mǎi hǎo le 。

明天我_______去上海。票已经买好了。


2.

工作.png

Zhǎng dà yǐhòu ,nǐ _______zuò shénme gōngzuò ?

长大以后,你_______做什么工作?


3.

旅游.png

Wǒ zuìjìn tài máng le ,suǒyǐ jiù ________qù lǚyóu le 。

我最近太忙了,所以就________去旅游了。


4.

出差.png

Wǒ bù _______chūchāi 。

我不_______出差。


答案:

Answers 

1.要yào

2.想xiǎng 

3.不bú 

4.想xiǎng 


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