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离 VS 从……到…… Lí VS Cóng ……dào ……

Rachel 2016-06-12 2258

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离 VS “从……到……”

Lí  VS “Cóng ……dào ……”

“from” vs “from... to...”


1.

我家离学校很远。

Wǒ jiā lí xuéxiào hěn yuǎn 。          

My home is far away from school.


2.

我家离地铁站很近。

Wǒ jiā lí dìtiězhàn hěn jìn 。         

My home is near metro station.


注释:                               

Notes:


“我家”和“学校”两个地方之间的距离很远。

“Wǒ jiā ”hé “xuéxiào ”liǎng gè dìfāng zhījiān de jùlí hěn yuǎn 。

The distance between my home and “school” is very long.


“我家”和“地铁站”之间的距离很近。

“Wǒ jiā ”hé “dìtiězhàn ”zhījiān de jùlí hěn jìn 。

The distance between “my home” and “metro station” is short.


“离”描述的是两个地方之间的距离,一般只用“近”“远”来形容。

“Lí ”miáoshù de shì liǎnggè dìfāng zhījiān de jùlí ,yìbān zhǐ yòng “jìn ”“yuǎn ”lái xíngróng 。

“From”means the distance between two places,generally we use “far/long”or”near/short”to express this meaning.


A离B+近/远

A lí B+jìn /yuǎn

A is far from/ close to B                 


例如:    

for examples


3.

超市离地铁站非常近。

Chāoshì lí dìtiězhàn fēicháng jìn 。

The supermarket is very close to the metro station.


4.

商场离公园很远。

Shāngchǎng lí gōngyuán hěn yuǎn 。

The supermarket is very far from the park.


5.

从我家到学校,坐公交车15分钟左右。

Cóng wǒ jiā dào xuéxiào ,zuò gōngjiāochē shí wǔ fēnzhōng zuǒyòu 。

It takes me about 15 minutes to get to school from my home by bus .


6.

从我家到地铁站,走路大概5分钟。

Cóng wǒ jiā dào dìtiězhàn ,zǒulù dàgài wǔ fēnzhōng 。

It takes me about 5 minutes to get to metro station from my home on foot.


注释:

Notes:


“从……到……”,描述的也是两个地方之间的距离,但是具体的描述方式是借助交通工具和时间来说明。所以这个句子比“离”描述得更详细。

“Cóng ……dào ……”,miáoshù de yě shì liǎng gè dìfāng zhījiān de jùlí ,dànshì jùtǐ de miáoshù fāngshì shì jièzhù jiāotōng gōngjù hé shíjiān lái shuōmíng 。Suǒyǐ zhè gè jùzi bǐ “lí ”miáoshù dé gèng xiángxì 。

“from... to...”means the distance between two places,but it need to followed with transportation means and specific time to make it clear. So this sentence is in more details than “from”.


例如:

For examples


7.

A:上海离北京远吗?

A: Shànghǎi lí Běijīng yuǎn ma ?

Is Shanghai far from Beijing?


B:不太远。

B: Bú tài yuǎn 。

Not too far.


A:从上海到北京,坐飞机大概多长时间?

A: Cóng Shànghǎi dào Běijīng ,zuò fēijī dàgài duō cháng shíjiān ?

How long will it take by plane from Shanghai to Beijing?


B:从上海到北京,坐飞机大概两个多小时。

B: Cóng Shànghǎi dào Běijīng ,zuò fēijī dàgài liǎng gè duō xiǎoshí 。

It takes 2 more hours by plane from Shanghai to Beijing.


A:从上海到北京,坐火车大概多长时间?

A: Cóng Shànghǎi dào Běijīng ,zuò huǒchē dàgài duō cháng shíjiān ?

How long will it take by train from Shanghai to Beijing?


B:从上海到北京,坐高铁差不多六个小时,坐动车差不多十二个小时。

B: Cóng Shànghǎi dào Běijīng ,zuò gāotiě chàbùduō liù gè xiǎoshí ,zuò dòngchē chàbùduō shí èr gè xiǎoshí 。

It takes almost 6 hours from Shanghai to Beijing by high-speed rail and almost 12 hours by bullet train .


练习:

practice

车站.png

1.

A:您好!请问这里_________车站远吗?

A: Nín hǎo !Qǐngwèn zhèlǐ _________chēzhàn yuǎn ma ?

 Excuse me! Could you tell me how far this place is ________station?


B:很远。你最好_________过去。

B: Hěn yuǎn 。Nǐ zuìhǎo _________guòqù 。

Too far. You’d better get there_________.


A:_________这里_________车站打车大概多长时间?

A: _________zhè lǐ _________chēzhàn dǎchē dàgài duō cháng shíjiān ?

How long will it take _________there _________station by taxi?


B:很快,大概15分钟。

B: Hěn kuài ,dàgài shí wǔ fēnzhōng。

Very fast, about 15 minutes.

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2.

我每天上午学习两个小时汉语,_________八点_________十点。

Wǒ měi tiān shàngwǔ xuéxí liǎng gè xiǎoshí hànyǔ ,_________bā diǎn _______shí diǎn 。

I spend 2 hours learning Chinese everyday,_________ 8 o’clock _________10 o’clock.


3.这里_________你家近吗?

Zhè lǐ _________nǐ jiā jìn ma ?

Is there ________your home?


答案:

Answers


1.

离,打车,从……到。

lí ,dǎ chē ,cóng ……dào 。


2.

从……到

cóng ……dào


3.


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