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How to use “bù”and”méi ”

emmagao 2016-08-02 2166

“bù ”hé “méi ”yìsi dōu shì “not”,dànshì tāmen yǒu shénme bú yí yàng ne ?

“不”和“没”意思都是“not”,但是它们有什么不一样呢?

Both “不”and“没” mean “not”, but what’s the difference?

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Lìjù 1:Zuótiān shì tā zìjǐ bù chīfàn ,bú shì māma bú ràng tā chīfàn 。

例句1:昨天是他自己不吃饭,不是妈妈不让他吃饭。

Example 1: Yesterday, he did not eat, not his mother did not let him eat. 


Lìjù 2:Tā bù xīyān ,yě bù hē jiǔ 。

例句2:他不吸烟,也不喝酒。

Example 2:  He neither smoke nor drink.


Lìjù 3:Wǒ zuótiān méi qù xuéxiào.

例句3:我昨天没去学校。

Example 3:  I didn’t go to school yesterday.


Lìjù 4:Zhè xiē píngguǒ bù hóng 。

例句4:这些苹果不红。

Example 4:  These apples are not red.


Lìjù 5:Zhè xiē píngguǒ hái méi hóng 。

例句5:这些苹果还没红。

Example 4:  These apples are still not red yet.


Zhùyì :“bù”zài lìjù 【1】zhōng de yòngfǎ 。“bù”yòngyú guòqù fāshēng de shíjiān zhōng ,duō shì biǎoshì dòngzuòzhě zìjǐ zhǔguān shàng bù xiǎng 、bú yuànyì 。

注意:“不”在例句【1】中的用法。“不”用于过去发生的时间中,多是表示动作者自己主观上不想、不愿意。

Note: the usage of “不”in example 1. “不”is used in past tense, usually means the actor don’t want or have no will to do something subjectively.


Rú 如 For example: 

A.Jiějie zuówǎn jiābān dào hěn wǎn ,suǒyǐ zuówǎn de “Zhōngguó hǎo shēngyīn ”jiějie méi kàn 。(jiějie xiǎng kàn ,dànshì yīnwèi  mǒu xiē yuányīn bù néng kàn )

A.姐姐昨晚加班到很晚,所以昨晚的“中国好声音”姐姐没看。(姐姐想看,但是因为某些原因不能看)

A. My sister didn’t see  the Voice of China last night, because she worked late into the night.(sister want to see the program, but there were some reasons that made her miss the program.)


B.Wǒmen quán jiā rén dōu xǐhuān kàn “Zhōngguó hǎo shēngyīn ”,jiù jiějie  zìjǐ bú kàn 。(jiějie bù xǐhuān kàn )

B.我们全家人都喜欢看“中国好声音”,就姐姐自己不看。(姐姐不喜欢看)

B. My family like to see  the Voice of China, except my sister herself.(sister don’t like seeing it.)


现在你知道“不”和“没”的不同了吧,那么来测试一下吧!

Now you may have known the difference between “不”and“没”. Come and test!


Qǐng pànduàn xiàmiàn de jùzǐ yīnggāi yòng “bù”háishì yòng “méi ”

请判断下面的句子应该用“不”还是用“没”

Fill the blanks with “不”and“没”.


(1)Tā hěn shāngxīn ,zuò zài chuānghu fùjìn zuò le yì tiān ,liǎn yě __________xǐ ,fàn yě __________chī ,jiārén quàn tā ,tā yě __________tīng 。

    他很伤心,坐在窗户附近坐了一天,脸也__________洗,饭也__________吃,家人劝他,他也__________听。


(2)Tā cónglái __________shuōhuǎng ,suǒyǐ tóngxué men dōu hěn xiāng xìn tā 。

    他从来__________说谎,所以同学们都很相信他。


(3)Yīfú hái __________ gān ,hái děi liàng yí shàngwǔ 。

    衣服还__________干,还得晾一上午。


(4)Tā __________yǒu gēge hé jiějie ,yě __________yǒu dìdi hé mèimei 。

    他__________有哥哥和姐姐,也__________有弟弟和妹妹。


(5)Nǐ __________yīnggāi duì tā shuō nàme nántīng de huà 。

    你__________应该对他说那么难听的话。



Dá’àn :(1)méi 、méi 、bù (2)bù (3)méi (4)méi 、méi (5)bù

答案:(1)没、没、不(2)不(3)没(4)没、没(5)不




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