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How to use“再(zài )”and“才(cái )”?

emmagao 2016-08-04 2179


We'll see these two sentences below:

(1)Tā měi tiān huí dào jiā xǐ le zǎo zài chīfàn 。

         他每天回到家洗了澡再吃饭。

     Everyday he takes a shower first then has meal when he is back home.


(2)Tā měi tiān huí dào jiā xǐ le zǎo cái chīfàn 。

         他每天回到家洗了澡才吃饭。

     Everyday he won't have meal until he finishes washing when he is back home.


There's only one Chinese character difference between the two sentences, could you tell me whether the two sentences have the same meaning or not?


Ok, the answern is no---They have different meaning.


哪里不一样呢?我们一起来发现:

What's the difference? We'll explore :


━ Both “再”and“才” can be used between two actions,but they have different meanings:


(A means one thing, B means another thing.)


1. Meaning of “再”: 

You need to do A first then B.It means an order.A comes before B. 

用“再”的句子的意思:做了A再做B——先做A,然后做B


Rú :Tā měi tiān huí dào jiā xǐ le zǎo zài chīfàn 。

如:他每天回到家洗了澡再吃饭。

example: Everyday he takes a shower first then has meal when he is back home.


意思是:他回到家以后先洗澡,后吃饭。

Meaning: shower comes first then meal


2. Meaning of “才”:

You cannot do B until A is finished. You want to do B, that's ok,but A is  a prerequisite. 

用“才”的句子意思是:做了A才做B——如果做A,那么做B;如果没做A,就不做B


Rú :Tā měi tiān huí dào jiā xǐ le zǎo cái chīfàn 。

如:他每天回到家洗了澡才吃饭。

Example: Everyday he won't have meal until he finishes washing when he is back home.


意思是:他回到家以后如果没洗澡,就不吃饭,一定要等洗澡以后吃饭。

Meaning: if he hasn't take a shower, he won't have meal.


Now you have know the difference between “再”and“才”, now come and test!


Fill the blank with “再”and“才”.

(1)Tā yídìng yào děng dào tā de diànhuà ________fàng xīn 。

        他一定要等到他的电话________放心。


(2)Xiě hànzì de shíhòu yìbān shì xiān xiě héng ,________xiě shù 。

        写汉字的时候一般是先写横,________写竖。


(3)Wǒ xiànzài yào chūqù ,wǒ huílái yǐhòu ________gàosù nǐ shì zěnme huíshì 。

        我现在要出去,我回来以后________告诉你是怎么回事。


(4)Zhè gè háizi jiàn dào tā māma ________bù kū le 。

        这个孩子见到他妈妈________不哭了。



答案:(1)才cái(2)再 zài(3)再 zài(4)才cái

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