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Chongyang Festival

alicezhang 2016-10-09 1712

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今天是农历九月初九,重阳节,在英语里多翻译成Chongyang Festival或者Double Ninth Festival。


古老的《易经》中把“六”定为阴数,把“九”定为阳数,九月九日,日月并阳,两九相重,故而叫重阳,也叫重九,古人认为是个值得庆贺的吉利日子,并且从很早就开始过此节日。

1989年,我国把每年的九月九日定为老人节,传统与现代巧妙地结合,成为尊老、敬老、爱老、助老的老年人的节日。


重阳节最为人熟知的习俗是登高,除此之外,还有哪些习俗呢?


1.

chā zhūyú 

插茱萸

(Wearing cornel twigs /Dogwood)

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茱萸是一种长青乔木(evergreen arbor),味道浓烈,果实可食用,枝叶可入药。茱萸可以除虫,祛湿,助消化,解内热(They can expel insects, get rid of the humidity, help digestion and cure inner heat)。


插茱萸的习俗早在唐代就已盛行,古人认为在重阳节这一天插茱萸可以避难消灾(prevent diseases and avoid disasters);或佩带于臂,或作香袋把茱萸放在里面佩带,还有插在头上的。


2.

shǎng jú 

赏菊

(Enjoying chrysanthemum flowers)

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重阳节正是一年的金秋时节,菊花盛开,据传赏菊,起源于晋朝大诗人陶渊明。陶渊明以隐居出名,以诗出名,以酒出名,也以爱菊出名;后人效之,遂有重阳赏菊之俗。


3.

chī chóngyáng gāo

吃重阳糕

(Eating Double Ninth cake)

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重阳糕又称花糕(flower cake)、菊糕(chrysanthemum cake)、五色糕(five-color cake),制无定法,较为随意。九月九日天明时,以片糕搭儿女头额,口中念念有词,祝愿子女百事俱高,乃古人九月作糕的本意。


4.

yǐn júhuā jiǔ 

饮菊花酒

(Drinking chrysanthemum flower wine)

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古时候,人们酿造菊花酒是在重阳节当天摘取新鲜的菊花和叶子泡入酒中,待到次年重阳节拿出来饮用。据说,菊花酒有明目,缓解头痛,降血压,减肥以及消除胃部不适(effects on sharpness of the eye, alleviation of headache, drop of hypertension, reduction of weight and removal of stomach trouble)等功效,因此也被成为长寿酒。


5.

dēng gāo  

登高

(Climbing heights)

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在古代,民间在重阳有登高的风俗,故重阳节又叫“登高节”(Mountain-climbing Festival)。

相传此风俗始于东汉。唐代文人所写的登高诗很多,大多是写重阳节的习俗;杜甫的七律《登高》,就是写重阳登高的名篇。登高所到之处,没有划一的规定,一般是登高山、登高塔。


6. 

héjiā tuánjù 

合家团聚

(Family get-togethers)

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重阳节也是合家团聚的日子。全家人聚在一起缅怀先辈,可以组织全家一起出游,走近大自然。

(中国日报网英语点津 马文英)


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