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Dare you to try 86000 Chinese characters?

alicezhang 2016-01-08 5643

你好.png

以“你好”为例,介绍,


Take “你好” for example.


汉语有两个系统,一个是汉字系统,一个是拼音系统。


There are two systems in mandarin, one is character system, the other is Pinyin system.


汉语里面一共有多少个汉字呢?汉语里面的拼音系统又是怎样的?


How many characters are there in mandarin? What is the Pinyin system?


在汉语里面一共有86000多个汉字,我们平常生活里面只要知道3500个词语就可以听懂99.5%了。2500个汉字可以懂98%。所以汉语难吗?汉语不难。拼音系统,分为三部分:声母、韵母、声调。声母一共有21个,韵母一共有39个,声调一共有4个,还有一类特别的声调,就是轻声。


There are around 86000 characters. But with only 3500 of them, we can understand 99.5% about what happens in life, with only 2500, we can understand 98%. So is mandarin hard to learn? It is not hard. Pinyin system can be divided into three parts, including initials, finals and tones. There are 21 initials, 39 finals and 4 tones. For tones, there is a special one which we call neutral tone.


那么我们该怎么学习汉语呢?汉字和拼音一起学习吗?当然不是,我们得先学习拼音,完成HSK1的学习以后,再学习汉字。


So how to learn Chinese? Learn characters and Pinyin together? Of course not. We need to learn pinyin at first. After learning HSK 1, we can start learning characters.


拼音部分我们重点学习的是:10个声母,7个韵母,声调。


For pinyin, we need to focus on 10 initials, 7 finals and tones.


j q x ,zh ch sh r ,z c s.

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